Weight Loss Surgical Procedures
Weight Loss Surgical Procedures
With the growing popularity of weight loss surgical procedures as viable options for aiding in weight loss, more and more bariatric surgery variations are being provided by the medical community. The sources of these variations are largely governed by the nature of the procedure as well as the method through which it is accomplished.
In the following paragraphs, we will present some of the most common types of weight loss surgery procedures as a guide for patients who are looking to determine which one is best for their needs.
•Route-en-Y. This is the first procedure to be officially classified as “bariatric” in nature. It is accomplished by using staples or plastic bonding to form a small pouch at the top of the stomach which is then attached to the lower portion of the small intestine. Since less food can be eaten and a large part of the intestines where the food is absorbed is bypassed, weight loss will naturally follow.
Out of the many weight loss surgical procedures offered, this is perhaps the most effective but also the most invasive. Consequently, it can carry a lot of complications including the risk for malabsorptive deficiencies as well as leaking if the stitches do not heal properly. The success rate for Route-en-Y hovers around 75% with a prognosis of 2 years before the patient achieves the target weight. However, the inherent complications of Route-en-Y have pushed medical practitioners to lobby for its banning in favor of more “friendly” procedures.
•Vertical-banded Gastroplasty. This is accomplished by stapling a portion of the stomach to reduce the effective volume and then attaching a gastric band to control the remaining stomach volume. While this procedure is still highly invasive, it lacks the comprehensiveness of the Rou-en-Y. As a result, complications are still prevalent but less likely than the former.
From the perspective of medical prognosis, the risks for leaking and malabsorptive complications are about half of those observed in Route-en-Y. Recovery is also faster because of the lower degree of invasiveness. Patients can expect to attain their ideal weight within 3 years if they stick to doctor recommendations, particularly those relating to diet.
•Adjustable Gastric Band. This is oftentimes accomplished via laparoscopic means or the use of small, almost non-invasive, incisions to insert the band to the stomach cavity. The stomach is retained as is and food intake is controlled with the installed band. The absence of stitches make it the most favorable of the weight loss surgical procedures available, although its results require a longer time to take effect. Patients should return to their ideal weight within 5 years by following proper exercise and diet depending on their initial weight. The procedure is also reversible as the band can be taken out should the patient want to have it removed.
Today, doctors recommend laparoscopic adjustable gastric band methods as the best weight loss surgical procedures available. Because on the reduced complications and risks, patients can rest easy knowing that they are empowered to lose weight through a procedure that does not drastically alter their bodies. It’s a win-win for science, weight loss, and for patients who know they can make the necessary changes to their lifestyle habits and still get back to normal eating habits once they have developed the psyche to eat in a more controlled and informed manner.