Types of Bariatric Surgery

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Information On Types of Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is one of the last options available to doctors and patients looking to control weight gain and eventually reverse it. Because of the potential complications that can arise during and after a bariatric surgery procedure, doctors are keen to not easily suggest it, but if circumstances really point to the need for surgical intervention, then there are different types of bariatric surgery that doctors can choose from to achieve the desired weight controlling method.

While Bariatrics in general refers to the method by which surgery is used to facilitate weight loss, it almost always comes back to some form of stomach “manipulation” or “digestive tract modification” to control pathological obesity. From this spring many types of bariatric surgery which are basically categorized by which part of the digestive tract is being worked on during surgery. The different types of bariatric surgery also result to different working methodologies for manipulating eaten food and as such influence digestive processes in varying ways.

The most common of the many types of bariatric surgery is Gastric Bypass. Surgery is basically done to reduce the existing volume of the stomach by “stapling” certain sections rendering those sections unusable. Afterwards, the smaller intestines are re-connected to the still active stomach volume for food to continue flowing as before. The smaller active volumes of the stomach means patients are not inclined to eat in excess of what they need. This reduced food intake makes it possible for the patient to lose weight.

Another of the many types of bariatric surgery is Adjustable Gastric Band which is accomplished by inserting a band around the upper portion of the stomach near the esophagus and cardiac sphincter. The band halves the stomach which also reduces active volume for the food that immediately enters the stomach. The term “adjustable” comes from the fact that the band can be moved accordingly when needed and even taken out if it no longer serves its purpose. Also, of the many types of bariatric surgery, adjustable gastric band is the less invasive as the band can be inserted via laparoscopic means without cutting open a big portion of the stomach cavity.

The third type is called Gastric Sleeve Surgery and requires the removal of a portion of the stomach leaving behind a “sleeve-shaped” section from which it derived its current name. This is a relatively new procedure with fewer documented cases than other methods and is still being studied for future use.

The last of the types of bariatric surgery discussed in this article is called Vertical Banded Gastroplasty. This is a combination method that contains elements of stapling and adjustable bands to create “a stomach within a stomach” which achieves the same result of reducing active stomach volume.

As made obvious by each example, the many types of bariatric surgery are invasive in nature and in most cases are permanent. A significant lifestyle change has to be adopted by the patient post-surgery to be able to live a normal life without being inconvenienced by the permanent effects of bariatric surgery while enjoying the benefits of weight loss and a healthier diet.

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