Surgical Options For Weight Loss

Bypass Risks

Gastric Bypass Health Information

Surgical Options For Weight Loss

Obesity is a major health issue today in the United States and in other parts of the world. Obesity rates are highest in the United States with more than 35% of American adults being considered overweight. Obesity is directly linked to increase in diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, sleep apnea and gall bladder disease. This problem has become so rampant that a number of people are looking at surgical options for weight loss.

Generally speaking, surgical options for weight loss are considered only for people who are morbidly obese. A morbidly obese person is somebody who’s BMI (body mass index) is above 40. A person is morbidly obese if they weigh 100 pounds more than their ideal weight (for men) and 80 pounds more (for women).

Surgical options for weight loss are also considered for people who are not morbidly obese, but have a BMI of 35 and above and have a co-morbid condition that puts them at risk. Co-morbid conditions include hypertension, diabetes, gall stones, sleep apnea and heart disease. Some surgeons will require a patient to have tried other weight loss methods for an extended period of time before considering then suitable candidates for weight loss surgery.

There are several surgical options for weight loss. These options can be divided into 2 main groups; restrictive surgical procedures and malabsorptive surgical procedures. There is a third group of procedures that combine both restrictive and malapsorptive techniques.

As the name suggests, restrictive procedures limit the size of the stomach and therefore what it can contain. The surgical options for weight loss in this category include sleeve gastrectomy, vertical banded gastroplasty and lap band surgery.

Malabsorptive procedures on the other hand limit the absorption of nutrients and calories, without necessarily affecting the size of the stomach. These procedures include Roux en-Y gastric bypass and Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Strictly speaking, the Roux en-Y gastric bypass is a combination procedure. This is because the stomach is stapled to reduce its size (restriction) and part of the small intestine is bypassed (to result in malabsorption)..

The most common of the surgical options for weight loss is the Roux en-Y gastric bypass. This is because it has been shown to have the highest success rates for weight loss with fewer complications in the long term. It is popular because it can be performed as a laparoscopic procedure and ideally can be reversed.

Even as you weigh the different surgical options for weight loss, it is important to keep in mind that like all surgeries, there are a number of risks and complications that may arise. There are also a number of side effects that may be experienced from the surgery which may include dumping syndrome, vomiting and nutritional deficiencies. For this reason it is always best to do your best to lose weight through a good diet and exercise program.