Stomach Weight Loss Surgery
Stomach Weight Loss Surgery
Stomach weight loss surgery is also known as bariatric surgery. This type of surgical procedure is generally performed on people considered to be morbidly obese. People are considered morbidly obese if they have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 and above. This type of surgical procedure is also considered an option for people with a BMI lower than 40 but higher than 35 who have a co-morbid condition such as type II diabetes, hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. You should also have tried to lose weight by following a weight loss program and failed.
To be considered a good candidate for stomach weight loss surgery, you need to be between the ages of 18 and 65, even though some surgeons may not carry out this procedure on patients older than 55. You should also be physically and psychologically ready for this type of surgery.
The doctor will determine if you’re physical ready for this procedure by reviewing your medical history, running some diagnostic tests such as X rays and blood tests, and hold consultations with you. The doctor will rely on his skill, expertise and experience to make his assessment as to your suitability to undergo this surgery and your chances of recovery.
He will also make a psychological evaluation of the patient before surgery. This is to determine whether or not the patient will be able to make and commit to the diet and lifestyle changes required after stomach weight loss surgery.
He will also perform a psychological evaluation of the patient before surgery. This is to determine whether or not the patient will be able to make and commit to the diet and lifestyle changes required after stomach weight loss surgery.
The aim of stomach weight loss surgery is to limit the amount of food that stomach can contain at any given time. The surgery may also change the way food is digested, by restricting the quantity that can be digested.
Stomach weight loss surgery is of different types. However, they are categorized into 3 main groups. These are restrictive procedures, malabsorptive procedures and mixed procedures. Restrictive procedures include sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric banding, vertical banded gastroplasty and gastric plication. Restrictive procedures reduce the volume of food the stomach can hold.
Malabsorptive procedures include biliopancreatic diversion and endoluminal sleeve. These work by reducing the ability of the body to absorb nutrients. This is mainly done by cutting off the part of the small intestines where most of the nutrients are absorbed.
Mixed procedures makes use of both restrictive and malabsorptive procedures and include sleeve gastrectomy with duodenal switch and gastric bypass surgery.
Stomach weight loss surgery, like any other kind of surgery, has risks and complications. Therefore, the decision to go this route for weight loss should not be taken lightly. You should gather as much information as you can on the different procedures, their risks, complications, success rates and long term effects so as to make an informed decision.