Losing Weight With Surgery
Losing Weight With Surgery
Losing weight with surgery is an option for people who are morbidly overweight. A person who is considered morbidly obese is one who has a body mass index (BMI) of over 40. This is someone who is extremely heavier than their ideal weight. People with body mass index of lower than 40 but higher than 35 may also be considered good candidates for losing weight with surgery if they have a co morbid condition such as obstructive sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, infertility and so on.
To be considered as a good candidate for losing weight with surgery, the individual must also have attempted to lose weight with dieting and exercise first. Other surgery qualifications include mental capability, over the age of 18, no dependency on drugs and other chemicals.
People have been losing weight with surgery from the mid 1950s when the first bariatric surgery was performed. The first surgery to be performed was the jejunoileal bypass, a malabsorptive surgery. Since then several different types of weight loss surgery have been created and performed successfully.
When considering the option of losing weight with surgery, you should be aware of the different procedures that are carried out. You should gather as much information as you can find. You should also discuss your options with your surgeon. The weight loss surgeries are categorized into 3 main groups; restrictive procedures, malabsorptive procedures and mixed procedures (which make use of both restriction and malabsorption).
In restrictive surgeries, the size of the stomach is reduced by either removing a section of the stomach or closing part of it of so that it can hold only a small amount of food at a time. Malabsorptive procedures involve shortening the length of the small intestine where most of food absorption takes place. In some types of malabsorptive procedure, the place where the small intestine connects with the stomach is changed.
There are some advantages of losing weight with surgery and these include quick weight loss, resolution of some of the health problems caused by being overweight such as diabetes, improvement in general health and wellbeing, improved self-image and quality of life as well as the possibility of an increase in lifespan.
Even though there are advantages to losing weight with surgery, there are some risks and complications that should be considered carefully. There are risks because all surgeries have complications that can possibly occur. These complications can include excessive blood loss, infection, bowel obstruction and venous thromboembolism. Complications may also include anastomotic leaks and ulcers, gall stones, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and excess gas, excessive sweating, nutritional deficiencies and dizziness.
In the majority of cases however, the benefits of losing weight with surgery outweigh the risks. This is especially true during the last few years thanks to modern medical technology and procedures.