Gastric Bypass Operations
Gastric Bypass Operations
Gastric bypass operations refer to surgical procedures intended to promote weight loss in patients that are considered morbidly obese. Since its inception in the mid-1980s, gastric bypass procedures have grown in popularity and sophistication allowing it to become a truly viable option for weight loss. In the succeeding paragraphs, we will look at gastric bypass operations at a holistic level in order to give the reader a basic understanding of the many facets and concerns surrounding it.
First off, gastric bypass operations are not made available to every patient that wants to get it. Because of the nature of the procedure, doctors follow a strict protocol in the selection of potential candidates such that only those that truly need it are allowed to obtain the operation. The current set of criteria require that patients are clinically considered as morbidly obese and have their Body Mass Index in excess of 40, or they can have a BMI of 35 but the presence of co-morbidities like Type II. Diabetes and heart ailments also qualifies them for the surgery. Patients do need to demonstrate that all the natural methods for weight loss have been done to no avail.
The reason behind this strict selection of criteria lie in the fact that gastric bypass operations demand a lot of lifestyle changes from the patient post-surgery. Manipulation and alteration of a patient’s digestive tract, as in the case of Route-en-Y bypass procedures, require tremendous sacrifices which can be avoided if the patient can rely on other methods for weight loss. Consequently, the risk for complications from a medical perspective coupled with the fact that surgeries are intrinsically stressful to the body requires that patients evaluate their position thoroughly prior to committing to the method.
Once it has been decided that a patient will undergo gastric bypass, doctors delve into the determination of the appropriate procedure for the patient. In the least invasive of cases, doctors only attach an adjustable band around the patient’s stomach to reduce its volume and regular appetite. In the most complex of cases, the stomach is actually removed and the esophageal tract is connected directly to the middle section of the small intestines. There are also intermediate procedures that staple a large section of the stomach rendering it unusable for digestion purposes.
Gastric bypass operations, in a nutshell, are very complex and critical procedures that require full commitment from the patient in order to be successful. Of course, the operation enjoys tremendous success rates, although a big portion of this is up to the patient in terms of following through with the post-surgery lifestyle demands.
When possible, doctors will strongly advise patients to rely on natural methods to lose weight rather than undergoing gastric bypass operations as these are likely to be more sustainable, less risky, and – obviously – natural. It is up to the patient and the doctor to thoroughly discuss the available options taking into account the situation of the patient. The end goal is to lose weight safely and in the most effective possible manner. If the only way to achieve this is via one of the many gastric bypass operations, doctors will no doubt give the recommendation provided patients are committed to seeing it through. It is certainly not easy but with the right frame of mind heading into the surgery, it is a dependable method to lose all the extra pounds in a medically sound manner.